International Women’s Day (IWD) is celebrated annually on March 8th to celebrate the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women and to raise awareness about the challenges they still face.
The origins of International Women’s Day can be traced back to the early 1900s. In 1908, 15,000 women marched through the streets of New York City, demanding better pay, shorter working hours, and voting rights. The following year, the first National Woman’s Day was observed in the United States on February 28th.
In 1910, an international conference of working women was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, where a woman named Clara Zetkin proposed the idea of an International Women’s Day. She suggested that the day be celebrated on the same day every year in every country to advocate for women’s rights and encourage women’s participation in politics.
The first International Women’s Day was celebrated on March 19, 1911, in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. Over one million women and men attended rallies to campaign for women’s rights to work, vote, and hold public office.
In 1917, Russian women celebrated International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February, which was the first day of the Russian Revolution. This event played a significant role in the overthrow of the Russian Tsar and the establishment of the Soviet Union.
Over the years, International Women’s Day has become a global celebration, with events and activities held around the world to promote women’s rights, gender equality, and empowerment. The United Nations officially recognized International Women’s Day in 1975, and it has been celebrated annually ever since.
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